Engerix-B Uses

People of all ages can receive Engerix-B to help prevent hepatitis B. In particular, the vaccine is recommended for all children under 18 years of age, as well as adults who are at increased risk for hepatitis B. A healthcare provider may also use Engerix-B (when given with hepatitis B immune globulin) to reduce a person's risk of infection after exposure to the virus.

What Is Engerix-B Used For?

Engerix-B® (hepatitis B vaccine) is one of a few different vaccines available to provide protection against hepatitis B. It is approved for people of all ages. In particular, Engerix-B is recommended for people in the following groups:
 
  • All infants and children under 18 years of age
  • Adults who are at an increased risk for hepatitis B infection, including (but not limited to):
     
    • Sexual partners of people infected with hepatitis B
    • Men who have sex with men
    • People who inject street drugs
    • People with more than one sex partner
    • People with chronic liver or kidney disease
    • People with jobs that expose them to human blood
    • People who live in the same house as others with hepatitis B
    • Residents and staff in institutions for the developmentally disabled
    • Kidney dialysis patients
    • People who travel to countries where hepatitis B is common
    • People with HIV.
 
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver; it is caused by a virus (specifically, the hepatitis B virus). Most people who get it can get rid of the virus on their own, but others can develop chronic (lifelong) hepatitis B. Chronic hepatitis B can lead to cirrhosis of the liver, liver cancer, and even death.
 
There are several other types of viral hepatitis, including hepatitis A, C, D, E, and G. Engerix-B specifically provides protection against hepatitis B. However, because people cannot get hepatitis D without having hepatitis B, the vaccine also provides protection against hepatitis D.
 
In addition to the preventive way most vaccines are used, Engerix-B can be used after an exposure to hepatitis B. This is known as post-exposure prophylaxis. In such situations, Engerix-B should be given along with hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG).
 
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Engerix-B Vaccine Information

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